[1935 Ap 17, 9:3]

McGroarty Helps Republican
Attack on 'Inadequate' Ad-
ministration Amount.
Decrying 'Wise-Cracks' at This,
He Predicts 'Townsend Con-
gress' if It Is Defeated.

  WASHINGTON, April 16.—Townsend plan advocates and Republicans allied themselves again today to attack the administration Social Security Bill which the House has been debating for several days. Representative McGroarty of California, who introduced the Townsend plan in bill form, both originally and in its revised edition, moved his seat to the Republican side so that he could confer more conveniently on strategy.
  The common ground of the Townsendites and Republicans is their belief that the old-age assistance provisions of the pending bill are inadequate. Most of the Republicans are unwilling to go as far as the $200 a month which is the Townsend goal, but they have apparently decided that the $15 maximum Federal contribution provided in the administration bill is a vulnerable point.
  Mr. McGroarty, who conceded the defeat of his bill a few days ago, took the floor today to attack the administration measure.
  He described the bill as the work of college professors, not of President Roosevelt
  "A high official in this government," he said, referring to Harry Hopkins, Administrator of Federal Emergency Relief, "has declared that the Townsend old-age pension plan is cock-eyed. Another high official has declared it to be silly and grotesque.
"Wise-Crackers" Denounced
  "Blithering statisticians and half-baked economists have seized upon the Townsend plan as an outlet for their own uninculcated theories. The wise-crackers of the newspapers have taken their filing at it and have held up Dr. Townsend, God forgive them, to ridicule and contempt."
  But he told the House:
  "I make it not as a threat but as a prophecy that if we fail to enact an old-age pension law as embodied in the Townsend plan, the next Congress will be neither a Democratic nor a Republican Congress but a Townsend Congress."
  Criticisms by Representatives Gearhart of California and Monaghan of Montana started a many-sided quarrel in which Representatives Cooper of Tennessee, McCormack of Massachusetts, and Vinson of Kentucky took up the cudgels for the administration.
  Mr. Cooper said that never had he seen "so much gross ignorance" displayed in debating any bill before the House, indicating that many members had not taken the trouble to read the bill, the report of the Ways and Means Committee or any of the 2,921 pages of printed testimony before the senate and House committee.
  This gave Representative Jenkins of Ohio, a Republican member of the Ways and Means Committee, an opening to interject that the House would not display such "gross ignorance" if the measure had been submitted in a series of different bills, each dealing with its own subject, so that members could understand it.
Townsend Plan Assailed
  Representative Buck of California, the only legislator from that State who has opposed the Townsend plan on the floor, said that he was sorry Mr. McGroarty had described his measure as a scientific bill.
  "It is so full of holes you could drive a six-horse wagon and automobile truck through it," he said. "It places a greater burden on the working man than does the administration bill. It taxes the working man 2 per cent on all his transactions forever, not just until he is 60.
  "We must not use our aged as a shield for purported economic reform."
  Representative Cavicchia of New Jersey endorsed Title I of the bill, which deals with old-age assistance, as excellent, but said that the addition of Title II, covering compulsory old-age annuities, would make the whole act unconstitutional.
  Mr. Cooper answered that the Department of Justice had furnished the committee an opinion upholding the validity of the bill as drawn, and that there was every reason to believe a court would follow the same reasoning.